Thursday, July 20, 2006

#1950a-Fundamentals for religious Peace

(This is the first entry of Vol.XXIa which is the final Volume of the St. Louis Edition of Luther's Works. Most of the letters were origanlly in Latin. Here Melanchton (Ph.M) makes a statement and Luther (D.M.L.) comments.)
Ph.M. 1. On peace throughout the Empire until a Council.
Agree. D.M.L.
Ph.M. 2. The Lutherans should remain as they are and introduce no further innovations.
Also that the Pope,Emperor,Princes, and Lords do not further abuse them.
D.M.L. That the Lutherans should thus remain means that they maintain their doctrine and only that they do not otherwise abuse the opposite party. That would be gladly done provided that they also remain as they and do not revile our teaching.
Ph.M.3. That the Ecclesiastics take nothing of the ecclesiastical properties.
D.M.L. Agreed. Would to God that party nor ours nor their ecclesiastic would take anything.
P.M.5. On the renewal of the country's peace.
M.L. This transpires by itself. (hoc transit per se)
Ph.M.5. On both kinds. (De utraque specie.) In order to quiet the people one or both forms should be able to be received throughout the Empire.
M.L. We are quite content that the world authorities should force no one to either one form or to both forms. However, it is impossible that we should teach that one form is equally right. One leaves it up to their conscience to receive.
P.M. If the ceasarly majesty (kais.Maj.) should propose something different.(should he become Emperor?)
D.M.L. That Ferdinand should be King of the Romans is truly proper. If they want him to be chaste they should not want him to marry says the former.
NOTES: Not sure about the last one but Ferdinand I was named to be successor to Emperor Charles V his older brother in 1527. That made him King of the Romans until he would become Emperor. Ferdinand and Anna of Bohemia had fifteen children so whether ML had some of them in mind I am wondering.
The date of these proposals is only given as sometime in 1532.
As King of Hungary, Bohemia etc., Ferdinand issued a mandate against the Evangelicals in 1527 repeating much of what was said at Worms. Looking a little at it in Vol.3 it appears to be mainly against Carlstadt and the radicals.

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